Introducing the Healthy Work Framework: What healthy work is and how to design for it.

WORK SYSTEM ELEMENTS

PERSON: with needs, skills, abilities and limitations
TASK: each requires intellectual, physical and/or emotional resources
TECHNOLOGY: equipment and ideas people use at work
ENVIRONMENT (PHYSICAL & SOCIAL): workplace design and social support
ORGANIZATION: policies, reward structures, culture, history

HEALTHY WORK

MEETS PEOPLE’S NEEDS: psychological, social and physical (e.g., autonomy,
connection, rest)
REDUCES THE RISK OF DOING HARM: decrease exposure to factors associated with illness or injury (e.g., overload, shift work)
PROMOTES ORGANIZATIONAL SUSTAINABILITY: commit resources in ways that support engagement, effectiveness and innovation

SYSTEM DESIGN PRINCIPLES

INCLUSIVE: accommodate a range of needs across individual differences
RESPONSIVE: adapt to changes in needs and performance within a person, over time
CONGRUENT: aim for harmonious messages of health across all work system elements